Types of Cancer

Cancers grouped into the broad categories that BCCT uses with synonyms or specific cancers nested underneath. We're building the pages that are not yet links (in blue)—look for those soon.

Adrenal cancer

  • Adrenal cell carcinoma
  • Adrenocortical cancer

Anal cancer

  • Squamous cell carcinoma

Bladder cancer

  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Transitional cell carcinoma (urothelial carcinoma)

Brain, spine and nervous system tumors

Also see the World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Astrocytoma:
    • Grade I – Pilocytic astrocytoma
    • Grade II – Low-grade astrocytoma
    • Grade III – Anaplastic astrocytoma
    • Grade IV – Glioblastoma (GBM)
    • Juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (JPA)
  • Chordoma
  • CNS lymphoma
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Other gliomas:
    • Brain stem glioma
    • Ependymoma
    • Mixed glioma
    • Optic nerve glioma
    • Subependymoma
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Meningioma
  • Metastatic brain tumors
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Pineal tumor
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Primitive teuroectodermal (PNET)
  • Rhabdoid tumor
  • Schwannoma

Breast cancer

  • Ductal carcinoma
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Invasive breast cancer
  • Paget disease of the breast

Cervical cancer

Colorectal cancer

Endocrine and neuroendocrine tumors

  • Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor

Esophageal cancer

Gallbladder cancer

Head, neck and oral cancers

  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Oral cancer
  • Nasopharyngeal
  • Salivary gland cancer
  • Sino-nasal cancer

Kidney cancer

  • Renal cell cancer
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Transitional cell cancer
  • Wilms tumor

Leukemia

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Chronic myeloblastic leukemia (CML)
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • Chronic lymphoblastic leukemia (CLL)
  • Hairy cell leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (pre-leukemia)

Liver cancer (hepatocellular cancer)

  • Bile duct cancer (intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma)
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma

Lung cancer

  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Small cell lung cancer

Lymphoma

  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Non-Hodgkin's
    • Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
    • Primary central nervous system lymphoma
    • Sézary syndrome

Melanoma

  • Kaposi sarcoma
  • Melanoma

Mesothelioma

Multiple myeloma

Ovarian cancer

  • Gynecologic cancers

Pancreatic cancer

  • Malignant pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
    • Islet cell tumors
  • Pancreatic exocrine cancer

Prostate cancer

Retinoblastoma

Sarcoma (bone and soft tissue)

  • Bone cancer (primary)
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Soft tissue sarcomas
    • Ewing sarcoma
    • Kaposi sarcoma
    • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST)
    • Rhabdomyosarcoma
    • Uterine sarcoma
    • Vascular tumors

Skin cancer, nonmelanoma

  • Basal cell skin cancer
  • Merkel cell carcinoma
  • Skin lymphoma
  • Squamous cell cancer

Stomach cancer

  • Gastric cancer

Testicular cancer

Thyroid cancer

  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer
  • Follicular thyroid cancer
  • Medullary thyroid cancer
  • Papillary thyroid cancer

Uterine cancer

  • Endometrial cancer
  • Uterine sarcoma

Vaginal cancer

 

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