The Oxford English Dictionary defines stress as “a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances."1 Thus, stress is not so much a symptom as it is a state. Those adverse or demanding circumstances, called “stressors”, can disrupt your internal balance and call on your body to activate a stress response. This response is automatic and calls on every bodily system to bring the body back into balance. A certain amount of stress is normal—in fact, we couldn’t survive without the stress response. However, too much of a stress response over time can be damaging.
The Stress Response and Cancer
A prolonged stress response can produce a constant bodily imbalance that can be physically damaging. Organs and tissues begin to function differently in response to the continual outpouring of stress hormones and chemicals.
A prolonged stress response may compromise health and result in symptoms such as anxiety, depression and insomnia. The immune system is also affected—immune cells become preoccupied with triggering alarm reactions instead of doing their normal duties. With the body’s attention focused on dealing with stressors, the job of finding and killing cancer cells is neglected.2
A prolonged stress response may compromise health and result in symptoms such as anxiety, depression and insomnia.
Though stress may not cause cancer, it appears that unmanaged stress can increase the likelihood that the cancer will progress, as well as decrease your quality of life.
Many tools for taming the stress response are available, many of which you can learn to do for yourself. Almost every category of complementary therapies has some useful stress-management approach. See Managing Stress, use the links in the Related Pages section below, or search our Therapy Summaries database, selecting "Stress" in the Symptoms box.
Integrative Plans, Protocols and Medical Systems
|For more information about plans and protocols, see our Integrative Plans and Protocols page.|
- Plans, protocols and programs
- Abrams & Weil integrative medicine approaches3
- Alschuler & Gazella complementary approaches4
- Block program5
- Ornish Lifestyle Medicine
- Traditional systems
Written by Laura Pole, RN, MSN, OCNS, and reviewed by Nancy Hepp, MS; most recent update on October 19, 2018.
- Collaborative on Health and the Environment: Psychosocial Environment
- Foundation for a Mindful Society: Mindful
- The New School at Commonweal: Ted Schettler: The Ecology of Breast Cancer
- Lorenzo Cohen and Alison Jefferies: Anticancer Living: Transform Your Life and Health with the Mix of Six
- Michael Lerner: Choices In Healing: Integrating the Best of Conventional and Complementary Approaches to Cancer
- Hillingdon Oncology & Palliative Care Team : Coping with Stress: The Distress Thermometer
- Keith I. Block, MD: Life over Cancer: The Block Center Program for Integrative Cancer Treatment
- O. Carl Simonton, MD, James Creighton, PhD, and Stephanie Matthews Simonton: Getting Well Again
- Martin L. Rossman, MD: Fighting Cancer
- Joan Borysenko, PhD: Minding the Body, Mending the Mind
- NCCN Distress Thermometer and Problem List for Patients
- Martin L. Rossman, MD: The Healing Mind
- Julie Lusk, MEd: Wholesome Resources
- Donald I. Abrams, MD, and Andrew T. Weil, MD: Integrative Oncology, 2nd Edition
- Wayne Jonas, MD: Your Healing Journey: A Patient’s Guide to Integrative Breast Cancer Care
- Barbara MacDonald, ND, LAc: The Breast Cancer Companion: A Complementary Care Manual: Third Edition